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Archaeological area Temple of Artemis

 

The cult of Artemis Avlideias remains today in the southern Gulf of Evia to the temple, the sacred fountain and several other buildings were added during the Hellenistic period, as well as complex baths (thermae) of the late Roman era.   From the sanctuary of Artemis Avlideias distinguish the classical temple of the goddess. The area lies in front of the sanctuary of the church makes its appearance in the southeast. Built in the 5th century. BC, probably on the ruins of an older church. Its dimensions are 9,40 x 31 m consists of an open portico with 4 or 6 Doric columns on the facade, nave, divided into 3 aisles by two rows of four Ionic columns and a sanctuary. The sanctuary is separated from the nave with a marble door and had an area of ​​3,70 x 7,55 m Two statues of Apollo and Artemis stood at the entrance of the sanctuary. Inside the temple were statues, stands offerings, small "treasures" and offering tables. In Roman times, replaced all the columns of the temple.   The sacred fountain of the mosque is located 8 meters east of the church and surrounded by precinct. The water drawn from a square (1,80 x 1,80 m) tank, which was built by affordable scale and could be accommodated. Perhaps from this source and the altars that were around her began to worship the local (Iliad B 303-307). In the Hellenistic period built complex of buildings (buildings'' L'', N'''','' P'','' M''), dated 3rd - 2nd century. BC and are located south of the temple of Artemis. The group rooms are arranged around a central courtyard around a central courtyard. The findings, among which there is a pottery kiln, clay for pottery and figurines and built benches, showed that buildings'' L'','' N'' and'' W'' was organized koroplastikis and pottery, while the '' M'' building was probably hostel where guests were staying sanctuary.   Later, in place of the temple was destroyed in 396 AD established baths (thermae). The baths were constructed after the 4th century. AD onto the eastern part of the nave of the church and at the north. Used as building material and architectural stone sculptures from the temple.
Archaeological area Temple of Artemis
Archaeological area Temple of Artemis
Archaeological area Temple of Artemis
Temple of Artemis
Archaeological area Temple of Artemis

History

 

The Boeotian Aulis located on the coast in the southern Gulf of Evia, across from the source of Arefousas, located in Agios Stefanos Chalkis. It is known from the Trojan War and the sacrifice of Iphigenia. Had gathered at Aulis, the Greek fleet before departing for Troy. The area has revealed at Aulis is the place where worship of Artemis is the temple of the goddess. The war between Greeks and Trojans can not find Artemis indifferent. One of the first events that occurred even before the war started due to the anger and the wrath of Artemis. The Greek fleet because of apnea, which had created the goddess could not be started. A random incident of Agamemnon the Achaeans had caused this situation. Once free he realized he had to invade in a grove dedicated to Diana, and had killed a sacred deer. The goddess was angered so much that demanded the sacrifice of his daughter Iphigenia to favorable wind to help Greek ships sail. The peak phase of the sanctuary lasted from Classical to the Roman period.   The area was inhabited from the Mycenaean period (16th - 12th century BC.), The Homeric Aulis but believed further north, in the place Glyfa, near Chalcis. Remains of the Mycenaean period have been found in rocky area Geladovouni. The continuous use of the site attests to find apsidal building department of the Geometric period (10th - 8th century BC.) Beneath the Temple of Artemis in the 5th century. BC At the same time made the Sacred Fountain. In the Hellenistic period (330 - 30 BC) added the vestibule to the temple and built a complex of laboratories and hostel south. In the Imperial period (30 BC - 330 AD) repaired the temple, while the number of offerings shows the flowering of the cult. The shrine was destroyed during the invasions of the Goths of Alaric in 396 AD Later, in place of the church founded baths (thermae).   The Aulis was never a city. Considered part of the Theban province until 387 BC Since soil belonged to Tanagra. The Spartan king, Agesilaus, as the'' new'' Agamemnon, sacrificed in the temple of Artemis Avlideias, before leaving for Asia in 397 BC There is therefore continuous habitation from Mycenaean to Roman years. The Aulis managed to survive mainly due to the existence of the sanctuary of Artemis and ceramics workshops. Reference to the sanctuary of Artemis Avlideias is in Strabo (9,2,8) and Pausanias (9,19,6 ff.).   Sporadic excavations made in 1928, when construction of the plant "Halkis" and in 1954 by curator J. Threpsiadi. Systematic surveys were conducted by J. Threpsiadi the period from 1956 to 1961 with the support of the Archaeological Society. The findings of the excavations in the Archaeological Museum of Thebes. Maintenance of walls of buildings on a regular basis by the IA Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities.
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